The World Book Online Encyclopedia is available with no login when your computer or mobile device is on school property. For home access, please ask your teacher-librarian or see the Wilson Libraries Passwords link.
This searchable database is useful for quick access to accurate, reliable information. A full MLA citation for each article is at the bottom of each web page.
Early Colonization- great site with actual documents.:
The Northwest Passage- The French and Native Americans
The British- Queen Elizabeth and Virginia Companies
Roanoke: 1585 Sir Walter Raleigh, John White became the leader. Upon return with more settlers and supplies, the settlement had been abandoned. It is unknown whether it was Indian attacks, death or they moved on elsewhere. (1590). Theories:
(Establishment of the 13 colonies)
Jamestown: 1607 established by John Smith with the Virginia Company in what is now known as Virginia.
Pilgrims: 1620 arrival to New World. The Mayflower Compact- first government document of Plymouth
(1624 Dutch settling along Hudson River)
1630- Puritans arrive in Massachusetts Bay colony- leader John Winthrop
1632- Land granted to Lord Baltimore for the settlement of Maryland.
1643- United Colonies of New England established (Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven)
1670- English settlement in Carolina
1681- William Penn establish Pennsylvania
1682- Louisiana claimed by La Salle (after exploring the Mississippi River and reaching Gulf of Mexico.Established in 1699.
1705 Virginia established slave code (slaves were real estate)
1732 Georgia was founded
1733 Molasses Act- high tax on rum, molasses and sugar produced in the West Indies for sale in the colonies.
1754- 1763 French and Indian War- Fur traders and Virginia planters were interested in exploiting and developing the Ohio River valley region. The French, determined to secure the territory against encroaching British and American traders and land speculators, built a chain of forts along Pennsylvania’s Allegheny River. The British ministry ordered colonial governors to repel the French advance, “by force” if necessary. The war came to an official end in 1763, with the Peace of Paris. The treaty gave Britain all French land in Canada except for two fishing islands south of Newfoundland. To the south, the treaty gave Britain all of France’s holdings east of the Mississippi River, which Spain received from France before ceding Florida to Britain.
1763- Peace of Paris (Treaty of Paris)- End of French and Indian war. French ceded to Canada and gave land east of Mississippi to Britain.
The American Revolution
1763- Proclamation of 1763- King George ordered no colonization westward
1764- Sugar Act- It passed the Sugar Act, a law that imposed duties on foreign wines, coffee, textiles, and indigo imported into the colonies, and that also expanded the customs service. Britain also required colonial vessels to fill out papers detailing their cargo and destination. The Royal Navy patrolled the coast to search for smugglers, who were tried in special courts without a jury.
1765- The Stamp Act- Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which imposed a tax on all newspapers, legal documents, playing cards, dice, almanacs, and pamphlets. The act highlighted the issue of taxation without representation
1767- Townshend Act- taxed imports of glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea in the colonies. Also these taxes aided the salaries of colonial governors and judges, preventing colonial legislatures from exercising the power of the purse over those officials.
1770- Boston Massacre- British troops had arrived in Boston to suppress the tension and feelings of colonists against British. A group of colonists rallied outside of government building in Boston, British troops fired into the crowd killing 3 patriots.
1773- Tea Act- Parliament implemented act authorizing over taxation to tea merchants profits directly going to East India Company.
December 1773- Colonist dressed as Native Americans raided British cargo ship and threw all the tea into Boston Harbor (342 chests of tea)
1774- Minutemen established- colonial militia
1774- Intolerable Acts- letter sent to the King demanding unfair treatment and taxation of the colonist.
September 1774 First Continental Congress meet in Philadelphia, representatives from all colonies (except Georgia) present to discuss intolerable acts.
1775- Midnight Ride of Paul Revere- Rode to warn that the British were coming!
* Colonists in open rebellion
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Grade 5: Animal Studies
In this unit, students explore the relationship between an animal and its habitat, as well as some of the ways animal behaviorists study animals. By caring for and observing 3 unique animals during the Animal Studies unit-the dwarf African frog, the fiddler crab, and the millipede-students are able to focus on animal behavior, comparing and contrasting the needs, behaviors, and anatomical structures of each organism. Each student creates and maintains a personal observation log in which he or she records notes about each animal throughout the unit.
Grade 5: Motion and Design
This unit provides students an opportunity to explore the physics of motion and to apply those concepts to technological design. Students use plastic construction materials, weights, rubber bands, and propellers to design and build vehicles, then test how those vehicles respond to different forces of motion, like pushes, pulls, or rubber band energy.