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Green Valley Elementary School Library: Genre Challenge

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What are Literary Genres?

  WHAT GENRE IS IT?

MYSTERY

MYSTERY

  • The story has a secret or puzzle to solve using clues.
  • The characters might be detective or even spies.
  • The author writes to entertain you.
  • There will be clues along the way to help you solve the mystery with the characters.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Cam Jansen series
    • Nate the Great series
    • The Boxcar Children series
    • Ballpark Mysteries series
    • A to Z and Calendar Mysteries series
    • Nancy Drew and the Clue Crew series

HISTORICAL FICTION

HISTORICAL FICTION

  • A fiction story that takes place in a real time in history (in the past).
  • The author wants to entertain you and inform you about the past.
  • Most of the characters are fictional (imaginary), but some of the characters might be real people from history.
  • The setting is a real time in history.
  • Some events in the story are based on real times in history, but some of the events are fictional.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Some Magic Tree House books - like Thanksgiving on Thursday and Tonight on the Titanic
    • Abe Lincoln's Hat
    • I Survived and Survivors series
    • Number the Stars

FAIRY TALES or FOLK TALES

FAIRY TALES

  • Fairy Tales are classic stories that sometimes have magical creatures.
  • The author writes to entertain you.
  • They could begin with works like "Once Upon a Time..." or "Long, long ago..."
  • Sometimes, the characters are royalty - kings, queens, princes, princesses
  • There are usually good and evil characters.  
  • In the end of the story, good wins over evil.

 

FOLK TALES

  • Folk Tales are stories that are old and from long ago.  
  • The author writes to entertain you.
  • These stories were once told or spoken aloud by people.  Over the years, people have told and retold these stories.
  • The characters can have magical powers.
  • The characters have a problem to solve.
  • These stories usually try to teach you a lesson about good and evil or how to be a good person.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters
    • One Grain of Rice
    • Tony's Bread

*Find these books in the 398.2 section of the nonfiction books in our library.

BIOGRAPHY

BIOGRAPHY

  • A nonfiction book that tells the story of a real person's life.
  • The author wants to inform you.  If the author is the person, the book is called an autobiography.
  • It gives facts about the person's life.
  • The setting is when the person was living.
  • The author has done research to find facts about the person's life.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Who Was and Who Is books
    • The Story of Ruby Bridges
    • Find these books in the Biography section of the library.

NONFICTION or INFORMATIONAL

NON-FICTION or INFORMATIONAL

  • Non-fiction books are written to share facts about a topic.
  • The author writes to inform you, but could also want to entertain you.
  • Non-fiction can be:
    • Narrative - told like a story
    • Expository - giving facts about a topic
    • Procedural - a HOW TO book to teach the steps to do something
  • Non-fiction books have text features:
    • Table of Contents
    • Headings
    • Captions
    • Diagrams and labels
    • Maps, tables, illustrations, photos
    • Bold Words and Glossary
    • Index
  • Find these books in the nonfiction section of the library - use the DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM.

POETRY, JOKES, and RIDDLES

POETRY

  • Poetry books have words that make you think about your feelings and make pictures in your mind of the the author's words.
  • The author writes to entertain you.
  • Sometimes poetry uses rhyming words.
  • Poetry usually has a rhythm as you read it.
  • Find Poetry books in the 811 section of the nonfiction books in our library.
  • EXAMPLE:
    • A Light in the Attic 
    • Something Big Has Been Here
    • It's Raining Pigs and Noodles

 

JOKES and RIDDLES

  • Jokes and riddles are written to entertain you.
  • Find these books in the 818 section of the nonfiction books in our library.

REALISTIC FICTION

REALISTIC FICTION

  • A story that could really happen in our present times now.
  • The characters are regular people.
  • The author wants to entertain you.
  • The setting is realistic - not magical and not from another time in history.
  • The events in the story did not really happen, but they COULD really happen.
  • EXAMPLES: 
    • A Chair for My Mother
    • Amazing Grace
    • Wonder
    • Ramona series

FANTASY

FANTASY

  • A fantasy story uses magic or things that could NOT happen in real life.
  • The author writes to entertain you.
  • The setting is an imaginary place where unrealistic things can happen.
  • The characters may have special powers, like talking animals or people who can fly.
  • There is usually lots of action.
  • There is usually a battle between good and evil.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs
    • Many Roald Dahl books
    • Harry Potter series

ACTION or ADVENTURE

ACTION and ADVENTURE

  • Action and Adventure stories tell about exciting experiences of the characters.
  • The author writes to entertain or inform you.
  • The characters usually are on a trip, journey, or adventure.
  • There is lots of action.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Race the Wild series
    • Disaster Strikes series
    • Key Hunters series
    • Geronimo Stilton series
    • Some Magic Tree House books

GRAPHIC NOVELS

GRAPHIC NOVELS

  • Graphic novels tell a story using the comic book style.
  • The author writes to entertain you.
  • Graphic novels use:
    • speech bubbles or thought bubbles
    • mostly pictures and illustrations to show the action in the story
    • panels or squares that hold the pictures and text for each scene
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Smile and Sisters
    • Bone series
    • Big Nate graphic novels series
    • Babymouse series
    • Lunch Lady series
    • Science Summer Camp Mysteries series
  • Find these books in the Graphic Novels section of our library.

Want to Learn More about Genres?

Subject Guide

Lisa Goehler's picture
Lisa Goehler
Contact:
Green Valley Elementary School